Based on the writings of David Berg
INTRODUCTION TO DANIEL CHAPTER 2
It’s a marvellous, interesting, inspiring, encouraging & faith-building study to deal with already-fulfilled Bible prophecies. The prophecies foretold hundreds of years in advance & fulfilled to the most intricate detail, should encourage your faith to believe that the ones we’re studying regarding the immediate FUTURE are going to be fulfilled JUST as accurately & just as certainly & in just as great detail as did the ones which have already been fulfilled in the past.
THE PROPHET DANIEL
Daniel himself was born sometime around 62O B.C. & was therefore probably already a teenager when Nebuchadnezzar besieged Jerusalem for the first time in early 6O5 B.C. Daniel, along with other Jews of Royal blood, was carried to Babylon.–Daniel 1:1-3,6. There he spent three years studying “the learning & the tongue of the Chaldeans”.–Daniel 1:4. He & his three friends were made wise men & counsellors of the King.–Daniel 1:19,2O; 2:13.
Daniel lived at least 72 years in Babylon & his life there extended from the first year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar through the reigns of the succeeding five Babylonian kings, past the Fall of Babylon into the Persian Empire, & through the reign of Darius the Mede, & even unto the third year of Cyrus the Persian!–Daniel 1O:1.
DANIEL CHAPTER 2
Daniel Chapter 2 is the briefest & most concise overall picture of the history & future of the World in the entire Bible. The prophetic dream in this chapter describes five of the great Empires of Man from ancient Babylon to the final World Empire of the Antichrist, which is destroyed by the Kingdom of God. This dream was originally given to Nebuchadnezzar & was interpreted for him by Daniel during his reign; therefore the prophecy starts with the King of Babylon & with the great World Government of Babylon itself, & does not include the previous World Governments of Egypt & Assyria which had already passed on at the time of this dream.
DANIEL 2:1—AND IN THE SECOND YEAR OF THE REIGN OF NEBUCHADNEZZAR, NEBUCHADNEZZAR DREAMED DREAMS, WHEREWITH HIS SPIRIT WAS TROUBLED, & HIS SLEEP BRAKE FROM HIM.
The second year of his reign was approximately 6O3 B.C.
DANIEL 2:2—THEN THE KING COMMANDED TO CALL THE MAGICIANS, & THE ASTROLOGERS, & THE SORCERERS, & THE CHALDEANS, FOR TO SHEW THE KING HIS DREAMS. SO THEY CAME & STOOD BEFORE THE KING.
DANIEL 2:3—AND THE KING SAID UNTO THEM, I HAVE DREAMED A DREAM, & MY SPIRIT WAS TROUBLED TO KNOW THE DREAM.
DANIEL 2:4—THEN SPAKE THE CHALDEANS TO THE KING IN SYRIACK, O KING, LIVE FOR EVER: TELL THY SERVANTS THE DREAM, & WE WILL SHEW THE INTERPRETATION.
DANIEL 2:5—THE KING ANSWERED & SAID TO THE CHALDEANS, THE THING IS GONE FROM ME: IF YE WILL NOT MAKE KNOWN UNTO ME THE DREAM, WITH THE INTERPRETATION THEREOF, YE SHALL BE CUT IN PIECES, & YOUR HOUSES SHALL BE MADE A DUNGHILL!
So the king had a dream, & he didn’t even remember his dream; he only knew that it was a very IMPORTANT dream.
DANIEL 2:13—AND THE DECREE WENT FORTH THAT THE WISE MEN SHOULD BE SLAIN; & THEY SOUGHT DANIEL & HIS FELLOWS TO BE SLAIN.
God’s Prophet Daniel was a captive in Babylon at the time this decree was made & was serving with some fellow Jews as one of the king’s wise men.
DANIEL 2:16—THEN DANIEL WENT IN, & DESIRED OF THE KING THAT HE WOULD GIVE HIM TIME, & THAT HE WOULD SHEW THE KING THE INTERPRETATION.
DANIEL 2:17—THEN DANIEL WENT TO HIS HOUSE, & MADE THE THING KNOWN TO HANANIAH, MISHAEL, & AZARIAH, HIS COMPANIONS:
DANIEL 2:18—THAT THEY WOULD DESIRE MERCIES OF THE GOD OF HEAVEN CONCERNING THIS SECRET; THAT DANIEL & HIS FELLOWS SHOULD NOT PERISH WITH THE REST OF THE WISE MEN OF BABYLON.
Look how Daniel must have prayed & cried out desperately to God! He didn’t know what to do, he didn’t know the answer! How in the World could he possibly tell the king his dream, how could he interpret it, when he didn’t even KNOW the dream?–He PRAYED!
DANIEL 2:19—THEN WAS THE SECRET REVEALED UNTO DANIEL IN A NIGHT VISION. THEN DANIEL BLESSED THE GOD OF HEAVEN.
DANIEL 2:24—THEREFORE DANIEL WENT IN UNTO ARIOCH, WHOM THE KING HAD ORDAINED TO DESTROY THE WISE MEN OF BABYLON: HE WENT & SAID THUS UNTO HIM; DESTROY NOT THE WISE MEN OF BABYLON: BRING ME IN BEFORE THE KING, & I WILL SHEW UNTO THE KING THE INTERPRETATION.
DANIEL 2:25—THEN ARIOCH BROUGHT IN DANIEL BEFORE THE KING IN HASTE, & SAID THUS UNTO HIM, I HAVE FOUND A MAN OF THE CAPTIVES OF JUDAH, THAT WILL MAKE KNOWN UNTO THE KING THE INTERPRETATION.
DANIEL 2:26—THE KING ANSWERED & SAID TO DANIEL, ART THOU ABLE TO MAKE KNOWN UNTO ME THE DREAM WHICH I HAVE SEEN, AND THE INTERPRETATION THEREOF?
DANIEL 2:27—DANIEL ANSWERED IN THE PRESENCE OF THE KING, & SAID, THE SECRET WHICH THE KING HATH DEMANDED CANNOT THE WISE MEN, THE ASTROLOGERS, THE MAGICIANS, THE SOOTH SAYERS, SHEW UNTO THE KING;
DANIEL 2:28—BUT THERE IS A GOD IN HEAVEN THAT REVEALETH SECRETS, & MAKETH KNOWN TO THE KING NEBUCHADNEZZAR WHAT SHALL BE IN THE LATTER DAYS. THY DREAM, & THE VISIONS OF THY HEAD UPON THY BED, ARE THESE;
GOD ALONE is the One Who could reveal the king’s dream & its interpretation to His Prophet, & Daniel was faithful to give God all the credit & all the glory!
DANIEL 2:29—AS FOR THEE, O KING, THY THOUGHTS CAME INTO THY MIND UPON THY BED, WHAT SHOULD COME TO PASS HEREAFTER: & HE THAT REVEALETH SECRETS MAKETH KNOWN TO THEE WHAT SHALL COME TO PASS.
DANIEL 2:3O—BUT AS FOR ME, THIS SECRET IS NOT REVEALED TO ME FOR ANY WISDOM THAT I HAVE MORE THAN ANY LIVING, BUT FOR THEIR SAKES THAT SHALL MAKE KNOWN THE INTERPRETATION TO THE KING, AND THAT THOU MIGHTEST KNOW THE THOUGHTS OF THY HEART.
DANIEL 2:31—THOU, O KING, SAWEST, & BEHOLD A GREAT IMAGE. THIS GREAT IMAGE, WHOSE BRIGHTNESS WAS EXCELLENT, STOOD BEFORE THEE; & THE FORM THEREOF WAS TERRIBLE.
Here now begins the description of one of the most amazingly prophetic dreams ever given to Man! In this astonishing vision, each of the different parts of this “great, bright, terrible” image symbolise a different World Empire.
DANIEL 2:32—THIS IMAGE’S HEAD WAS OF FINE GOLD, HIS BREAST & HIS ARMS OF SILVER, HIS BELLY & HIS THIGHS OF BRASS,
Looking closer, we see that each major part of this image’s body is made of a different metal. “HEAD OF GOLD”. “BREAST & ARMS OF SILVER”. “BELLY & THIGHS OF BRASS”.
DANIEL 2:33—HIS LEGS OF IRON, HIS FEET PART OF IRON & PART OF CLAY.
DANIEL 2:34—THOU SAWEST TILL THAT A STONE WAS CUT OUT WITHOUT HANDS, WHICH SMOTE THE IMAGE UPON HIS FEET THAT WERE OF IRON & CLAY, & BRAKE THEM TO PIECES.
This Stone was not part of the glowing image but was “cut out of a Mountain”
This great Stone struck the image upon its feet, on the TOES of the feet. Now the reason it struck the image on the toes & not on the head, was because God wanted to show you at what TIME the kingdoms of Man would be destroyed!–In the days of the toes.
DANIEL 2:35—THEN WAS THE IRON, THE CLAY, THE BRASS, THE SILVER, & THE GOLD, BROKEN TO PIECES TOGETHER, & BECAME LIKE THE CHAFF OF THE SUMMER THRESHINGFLOORS; & THE WIND CARRIED THEM AWAY, THAT NO PLACE WAS FOUND FOR THEM: & THE STONE THAT SMOTE THE IMAGE BECAME A GREAT MOUNTAIN, & FILLED THE WHOLE EARTH.
In the days of these ten toes, the Stone will strike the image & the image will be turned to powder, “LIKE CHAFF”. That will be the World’s last big dust storm, when God crushes the image & blows it all away!
DANIEL 2:36—THIS IS THE DREAM; & WE WILL TELL THE INTERPRETATION THEREOF BEFORE THE KING.
DANIEL 2:37—THOU, O KING, ART A KING OF KINGS: FOR THE GOD OF HEAVEN HATH GIVEN THEE A KINGDOM, POWER, & STRENGTH, & GLORY.
DANIEL 2:38—AND WHERESOEVER THE CHILDREN OF MEN DWELL, THE BEASTS OF THE FIELD & THE FOWLS OF THE HEAVEN HATH HE GIVEN INTO THINE HAND, & HATH MADE THEE RULER OVER THEM ALL. THOU ART THIS HEAD OF GOLD.
According to God’s Word, the great kingdom of BABYLON, the “golden city” of ancient times (Isaiah 14:4), with its great King Nebuchadnezzar, was the head of gold. That means he was the best & the first & the most important part.
Nebuchadnezzar was the best of these Empires because he proclaimed God as the most high God above all other gods (See Daniel 2:47.), & he commanded all of his people to reverence the Lord. (See Daniel 3:29.) He later even got saved! (See Daniel 4:37.)
Even these various PARTS of the body are symbolic regarding the interpretation, because like the head, the Babylonians were very clever & smart. They knew astronomy, astrology, & they were scientists & very wise men.
DANIEL 2:39—AND AFTER THEE SHALL ARISE ANOTHER KINGDOM INFERIOR TO THEE, ANOTHER THIRD KINGDOM OF BRASS, WHICH SHALL BEAR RULE OVER ALL THE EARTH.
Since the head is definitely pinpointed as Babylon, all we have to do in order to find out what this next Kingdom was is to look at history to see which kingdom arose after Babylon. According to World history, the dual kingdom of MEDO-PERSIA followed Babylon, conquering it in 538 B.C.!
It is even specifically NAMED later on in Daniel 5:3O-31, as being the kingdom that conquered Babylon. Also, the Prophet Jeremiah, about 55 years earlier in 593 B.C. had prophesied that the Medes would conquer Babylon. (See Jeremiah 51:11,28.)
The dual kingdom of Medo-Persia is depicted here by two arms. The Medes & Persians were very clever with their HANDS & handicrafts & with building.
We know from history that this third kingdom of brass, the one to follow Persia, was the GRECIAN Empire. In a later chapter Daniel specifically prophesies that GREECE will be the conqueror of Medo-Persia.–Daniel 8:21,22. This was fulfilled in 333 B.C., 219 years after the prophecy was given!
The Greeks, symbolised by the belly, were great gourmets, they liked to eat & feast. Probably the most outstanding thing about the Greeks, however, was that they were great advocates of SEX, & made beautiful nude statues of the human body that showed all the sex parts.–It was therefore fitting that they were also symbolised by the thighs & sexual parts in the image.
Besides being extremely interested in sex, the Greeks were also interested in philosophy, religion & spiritual things. And it is held by almost all religions that the seat of the spirit is in the BELLY. As Jesus Himself said, “Out of his BELLY shall flow rivers of living water. (This spake He of the SPIRIT.)”–John 7:38,39.
DANIEL 2:4O—AND THE FOURTH KINGDOM SHALL BE STRONG AS IRON: FORASMUCH AS IRON BREAKETH IN PIECES & SUBDUETH ALL THINGS: & AS IRON THAT BREAKETH ALL THESE, SHALL IT BREAK IN PIECES & BRUISE.
Since we already have the fulfilment of actual HISTORY, we know that this fourth kingdom was ROME. Rome was the tough, iron-fisted kingdom which clamped down with iron military rule over the entire known World in the days before Christ. It so “SUBDUED ALL THINGS” that for nearly 100 years there were no major wars, no one even being able to muster a force against the Roman rule.
Rome is symbolised here by two legs of iron: WAS Rome ever divided into two parts? Yes! In its decline it was divided into an Eastern & Western Empire. The Western Empire had its capital at Rome, & the Eastern Empire, called the Byzantine Empire, had its capital at Constantinople.
Italy, the heart of the Roman Empire, is even SHAPED like a leg!
Rome was the strongest of all these kingdoms. That’s why it is symbolised here by IRON. And why was Rome not only the strongest, like iron, but also like a pair of legs? Because they were great on MARCHING! They were the first World Empire to build a lot of paved roads. They built big stone highways everywhere & the main purpose of their paved roads was so their Roman legions could march rapidly to conquer any country that would rebel or cause them any trouble.
What’s the LONGEST part of the image?-The legs! And of all those Empires–Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece & Rome–which of those Empires ruled the longest?–Rome!–For nearly 1OOO years!
DANIEL 2:41—AND WHEREAS THOU SAWEST THE FEET & TOES, PART OF POTTERS’ CLAY, & PART OF IRON, THE KINGDOM SHALL BE DIVIDED; BUT THERE SHALL BE IN IT OF THE STRENGTH OF THE IRON, FORASMUCH AS THOU SAWEST THE IRON MIXED WITH MIRY CLAY.
The IRON which continues from the legs down into the feet & toes of the image is sort of a continuation of the Roman Empire. After its fall, Rome was broken up into the “IRON” & “CLAY” countries of the feet & toes. These represent the two types of governments the World has known since the fall of Rome: Dictatorships & Democracies.
Clay in God’s Word always symbolised the PEOPLE. As Isaiah 64:8 says, “We are the clay.” So government by the people, or democracy, is a “CLAY” government. They are a weaker form of government because they do not have “THE STRENGTH OF THE IRON”, which represents the strong-man totalitarian military dictatorships & their “IRON” rule, which usually have an “iron man” as their dictator.–Such as the Roman “IRON” dictatorships like some of the Communist East European nations.
“THE KINGDOM SHALL BE DIVIDED.” Since the fall of Rome there has been DIVISION amongst the nations, with no one power completely dominant, though some–like Napoleon & Hitler–have tried. At times, equally powerful “Empires” have existed simultaneously, such as the British, French, Spanish, etc., but no one nation was THE dominant power as Rome had been.
DANIEL 2:42—AND AS THE TOES OF THE FEET WERE PART OF IRON, & PART OF CLAY, SO THE KINGDOM SHALL BE PARTLY STRONG, & PARTLY BROKEN.
“THE KINGDOM SHALL BE PARTLY STRONG”–iron–“& PARTLY BROKEN”–clay. God thinks democratic governments are weak & BROKEN.
Many Bible teachers & students have said that “THE KINGDOM”, the Antichrist World Empire, will be literally a revival of the old Roman Empire.
DANIEL 2:43—AND WHEREAS THOU SAWEST IRON MIXED WITH MIRY CLAY, THEY SHALL MINGLE THEM SELVES WITH THE SEED OF MEN: BUT THEY SHALL NOT CLEAVE ONE TO ANOTHER, EVEN AS IRON IS NOT MIXED WITH CLAY.
As you remember, one foot comes out of the Western Roman Empire & one foot out of the Eastern. This is almost exactly how the World is divided today, the East being mainly Communist dictatorships (iron) & the West Capitalistic Democracies (clay).
They “SHALL NOT CLEAVE ONE TO ANOTHER.” This is seen in the East-West division of the World today. How well do the dictatorships get along with the democracies?–Usually not at all, or very little.
However, the soon-to-arise Empire of the Devil-possessed dictator known as the ANTICHRIST, WILL for a very BRIEF period, UNITE all of these iron & clay nations, these dictatorships & so-called democracies, ruling the World in some kind of United Nations. These 1O nations will be united under the Antichrist, & although the Kingdom will be a mixture of iron & clay, he is going to make it pretty much all iron, uniting them all with his iron hand.
DANIEL 2:44—AND IN THE DAYS OF THESE KINGS SHALL THE GOD OF HEAVEN SET UP A KINGDOM, WHICH SHALL NEVER BE DESTROYED: & THE KINGDOM SHALL NOT BE LEFT TO OTHER PEOPLE, BUT IT SHALL BREAK IN PIECES & CONSUME ALL THESE KINGDOMS, & IT SHALL STAND FOREVER.
The Stone that “SMOTE THE IMAGE” (Daniel 2:34) is Jesus, & this “GREAT MOUNTAIN THAT FILLED THE WHOLE EARTH” (Daniel 2:35) is none other than the Millennial Kingdom of God, Christ’s Kingdom on Earth! (See Micah 4:1-3.) Christ will set up His Kingdom on Earth, in the Millennium at the end of the Battle of Armageddon. (See Revelation 19:11-21.) This Stone smashes the image by FORCE & destroys it & leaves nothing of it! It says the wind carried away Man’s governments “AS CHAFF”. (See Daniel 2:35 & Isaiah 17:13.)
Notice, His Return was not in the legs (Rome), but on the feet, & particularly the TOES, “IN THE DAYS OF THESE KINGS” at the very END of man’s governments.
“THESE KINGS”: The 1O TOES in Daniel 2 symbolise the same thing that the 1O horns of Daniel 7 & Revelation 17 symbolise: “The 1O horns…are 1O KINGS (or KINGDOMS) that shall arise.”–Daniel 7:24. They are 1O final kings or kingdoms, World powers, who, as Revelation 17:12-13 says, “will give their power to the Beast (the Antichrist)”. We know there will be 1O leading nations because the image had 1O toes. (Vs. 41-43.)
When those kings exist, in the END of their days (when the Antichrist has finally united them), then Jesus shall come & shall destroy all Man’s kingdoms. He will crush them & just sweep them all away to where there’s no government of Man left anymore at all! (See Revelation 17:12-14.) Jesus’ Kingdom will then “FILL THE WHOLE EARTH”, instead of all these crazy democracies & dictatorships & evil Empires of Man. (See also vs.45.)
DANIEL 2:45—FORASMUCH AS THOU SAWEST THAT THE STONE WAS CUT OUT OF THE MOUNTAIN WITHOUT HANDS, & THAT IT BRAKE IN PIECES THE IRON, THE BRASS, THE CLAY, THE SILVER, & THE GOLD; THE GREAT GOD HATH MADE KNOWN TO THE KING WHAT SHALL COME TO PASS HEREAFTER: & THE DREAM IS CERTAIN, & THE INTERPRETATION THEREOF SURE.
This image represents the great World governments of Man. The Stone was cut out of a mountain completely separate from the image. God was the Mountain that Jesus was cut out of. The Stone is, of course, JESUS, “the Cornerstone”.–(Matthew 21:42-44; 1Peter 2:6).
Then “The Stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner.”–Of this new Kingdom of God!
Please accept Jesus & become part of His Kingdom, as those who are part of the Antichrist’s devilish kingdom will be destroyed by Christ & His armies in the final great Battle of Armageddon when He–the Stone–breaks the image to powder! (See Matthew 21:44.) “THE INTERPRETATION THEREOF IS SURE.” We know exactly what’s going to happen!
DANIEL 2:47—THE KING ANSWERED UNTO DANIEL, & SAID, OF A TRUTH IT IS, THAT YOUR GOD IS A GOD OF GODS, & A LORD OF KINGS, & A REVEALER OF SECRETS, SEEING THOU COULDST REVEAL THIS SECRET.
DANIEL 2:48—THEN THE KING MADE DANIEL A GREAT MAN, & GAVE HIM MANY GREAT GIFTS, & MADE HIM RULER OVER THE WHOLE PROVINCE OF BABYLON, & CHIEF OF THE GOVERNORS OVER ALL THE WISE MEN OF BABYLON.
Daniel interpreted the king’s dream & advised the king wisely, so the king made him the highest man in the kingdom aside from himself! So Daniel, a young man about 20 years old, became a very important, rich & powerful man.
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